Solid Wood

Solid wood can be divided into 2 groups:

Wood that comes from deciduous trees are called hardwood. Deciduous trees are found in all parts of the world. They have broad leaves that are shed at certain times of the year.

Wood that comes from coniferous trees is called softwood. Conifers are found mainly in cooler parts of the world. They do not shed their needle-like leaves.

Example of Solid wood

Jelutong

Sources: Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand

Properties: Not very strong or durable. Easy to work with as the grain is straight.

Uses: Carving, toys and model-making. Not suitable for making furniture.

Dark Red Meranti

Sources: Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines

Properties: Quite strong and durable. Can be difficult to work with and the grain interlock.

Uses: Furniture, flooring, door and window frames. It is also used for making plywood.

Ramin

Sources: Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines

Properties: Quite strong and durable, but it may be difficult to work with.

Uses: Furniture, kitchen cabinets and picture frames. It is also used in the manufacture of plywood.

Teak

Sources: Myanmar, India, Thailand and Indonesia

Properties: Hard, strong and durable. Quite easy to work with. Very attractive grain.

Uses: Quality furniture, carvings, laboratory bench-tops and parquet flooring.

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